Inuvialuit Final Agreement Act

3.65 Because the Inuvialuit Final Agreement is constitutionally protected, it is important that the Government of Canada define and maintain a targeted strategic approach to fulfilling its obligations under the agreement. This is important not only for Canada`s relationship with the Inuvialuit, but also for the government`s credibility in negotiating future land agreements. We note that since the agreement came into force in 1984, Canada has signed 18 other land rights agreements. When the agreement was signed, the Government of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) handed over responsibility for coordinating its implementation. To this end, INAC is committed to ensuring that Canada meets its obligations and that INAC monitors and reports on the activities of federal organizations, including its own. 3.37 Inuvialuit contract information. Wean has made efforts to assess the extent to which Public Works has informed the Inuvialuit of upcoming contracts for the region. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs found that although the Ministry follows contracts that are usually subject to land claim agreements, it does not have systematic means – automated or other – to identify the specific agreements to which each contract is subject. Inuvialuit may enter into agreements with organizations representing neighbouring Aboriginal groups to resolve mutual or overlapping interests or to share rights, privileges and benefits. Directly under the theme headings, the document mentions sections of the transaction agreement. Exceptions are mentioned in the text. These competences are, in some respects, different from one territory to another.

Within each region, responsibilities vary depending on the land use agreements. These variations are reflected in the chapters of this document. 3.70 Implementation of federal commitments. Most modern comprehensive land use agreements contain a specific requirement for the development of an implementation plan. These plans generally determine what needs to be done, who is responsible for it, and how it is implemented, monitored and reported. In 1986, INAC amended its overall policy of focal requirements to include a specific requirement for all subsequent land use agreements that must contain such a plan. While the agreement precedes this policy, the Minister of INAC and departmental officials have committed to both the Inuvialuit and the Department of Finance to develop an implementation plan for the agreement. While a plan does not guarantee successful implementation, we expect INAC to lead the development of an implementation plan for the agreement, at least one for meeting federal commitments.

3.3 According to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), land claims are based on the exercise of Aboriginal continuity rights and ownership of land that has not been settled by contract or otherwise. The purpose of land claim agreements is to provide security to all parties and to clarify the rights of Aboriginal groups to land and resources in a manner that facilitates economic growth and self-sufficiency of Aboriginal people. Comprehensive land rights agreements recognize the rights of Aboriginal rights holders on the basis of traditional land use and occupation (Aboriginal title and rights). These agreements provide for defined rights, compensation and other benefits in exchange for the waiver of rights related to the right to the whole or part of the country concerned. . . .

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